1 Kings – Chapter 21

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 21 1 Some time after this, as Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard in Jezreel next to the palace of Ahab, king of Samaria, 2 Ahab said to Naboth, “Give me your vineyard to be my vegetable garden, since it is close by, next to my house.… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 21

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The Bible – Old Testament

 1 Kings

Chapter 19

1

Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done – that he had put all the prophets to the sword.

2

Jezebel then sent a messenger to Elijah and said, “May the gods do thus and so to me if by this time tomorrow I have not done with your life what was done to each of them.”

3

Elijah was afraid and fled for his life, going to Beer-sheba of Judah. He left his servant there

4

and went a day’s journey into the desert, until he came to a broom tree and sat beneath it. He prayed for death: “This is enough, O LORD! Take my life, for I am no better than my fathers.”

5

He lay down and fell asleep under the broom tree, but then an angel touched him and ordered him to get up and eat.

6

He looked and there at his head was a hearth cake and a jug of water. After he ate and drank, he lay down again,

7

but the angel of the LORD came back a second time, touched him, and ordered, “Get up and eat, else the journey will be too long for you!”

8

He got up, ate and drank; then strengthened by that food, he walked forty days and forty nights to the mountain of God, Horeb.

9

There he came to a cave, where he took shelter. But the word of the LORD came to him, “Why are you here, Elijah?”

10

He answered: “I have been most zealous for the LORD, the God of hosts, but the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, torn down your altars, and put your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they seek to take my life.”

11

1 Then the LORD said, “Go outside and stand on the mountain before the LORD; the LORD will be passing by.” A strong and heavy wind was rending the mountains and crushing rocks before the LORD – but the LORD was not in the wind. After the wind there was an earthquake – but the LORD was not in the earthquake.

12

After the earthquake there was fire – but the LORD was not in the fire. After the fire there was a tiny whispering sound.

13

When he heard this, Elijah hid his face in his cloak and went and stood at the entrance of the cave. A voice said to him, “Elijah, why are you here?”

14

He replied, “I have been most zealous for the LORD, the God of hosts. But the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, torn down your altars, and put your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they seek to take my life.”

15

2 “Go, take the road back to the desert near Damascus,” the LORD said to him. “When you arrive, you shall anoint Hazael as king of Aram.

16

Then you shall anoint Jehu, son of Nimshi, as king of Israel, and Elisha, son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah, as prophet to succeed you.

17

If anyone escapes the sword of Hazael, Jehu will kill him. If he escapes the sword if Jehu, Elisha will kill him.

18

Yet I will leave seven thousand men in Israel – all those who have not knelt to Baal or kissed him.”

19

3 Elijah set out, and came upon Elisha, son of Shaphat, as he was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen; he was following the twelfth. Elijah went over to him and threw his cloak over him.

20

Elisha left the oxen, ran after Elijah, and said, “Please, let me kiss my father and mother good-bye, and I will follow you.” “Go back!” Elijah answered. “Have I done anything to you?”

21

Elisha left him and, taking the yoke of oxen, slaughtered them; he used the plowing equipment for fuel to boil their flesh, and gave it to his people to eat. Then he left and followed Elijah as his attendant.

1 [11-13] Compare these divine manifestations to Elijah with those to Moses (⇒ Exodus 19:1-23; ⇒ 33:21-23; ⇒ 34:5) on the same Mount Horeb (Sinai) (⇒ Deut 4:10-15). Though various phenomena, such as wind, storms, earthquakes, fire (⇒ Exodus 19:18-19), herald the divine presence, they do not constitute the presence itself which, like the tiny whispering sound, is imperceptible and bespeaks the spirituality of God. It was fitting that Elijah, whose mission it was to re-establish the covenant and restore the pure faith, should have returned to Horeb where the covenant was revealed to Moses and through him to the Israelite people (⇒ Exodus 3:1-4, ⇒ 17; ⇒ 33:18-⇒ 34:9). Moses and Elijah appeared with Christ at the time of his transfiguration (⇒ Matthew 17:1-9; ⇒ Mark 9:1-7; ⇒ Luke 9:28-36).
2 [15-17] Elijah himself carried out only the third of the commissions entrusted to him (⇒ 1 Kings 19:19-21); Elisha was deputed to perform the first in person (⇒ 2 Kings 8:7-19), and the second through one of his followers (⇒ 2 Kings 9:1-10).
3 [19-21] Elijah’s act of throwing his mantle over the shoulders of Elisha expressed the divine call to share the prophetic mission. Elisha’s prompt response through destruction of his plow and oxen is an example of total obedience and detachment from his former manner of living in order to promote the glory of God.

Index 

1 Kings – Chapter 18

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 18 1 Long afterward, in the third year, the LORD spoke to Elijah, “Go, present yourself to Ahab,” he said, “that I may send rain upon the earth.” 2 So Elijah went to present himself to Ahab. 3 Now the famine in Samaria was bitter, 4 and… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 18

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1 Kings – Chapter 18

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 18 1 Long afterward, in the third year, the LORD spoke to Elijah, “Go, present yourself to Ahab,” he said, “that I may send rain upon the earth.” 2 So Elijah went to present himself to Ahab. 3 Now the famine in Samaria was bitter, 4 and… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 18

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The Bible – Old Testament

 1 Kings

Chapter 17

1

1 Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab: “As the LORD, the God of Israel, lives, whom I serve, during these years there shall be no dew or rain except at my word.”

2

The LORD then said to Elijah:

3

“Leave here, go east and hide in the Wadi Cherith, east of the Jordan.

4

You shall drink of the stream, and I have commanded ravens to feed you there.”

5

So he left and did as the LORD had commanded. He went and remained by the Wadi Cherith, east of the Jordan.

6

Ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning, and bread and meat in the evening, and he drank from the stream.

7

After some time, however, the brook ran dry, because no rain had fallen in the land.

8

So the LORD said to him:

9

“Move on to Zarephath of Sidon and stay there. I have designated a widow there to provide for you.”

10

He left and went to Zarephath. As he arrived at the entrance of the city, a widow was gathering sticks there; he called out to her, “Please bring me a small cupful of water to drink.”

11

She left to get it, and he called out after her, “Please bring along a bit of bread.”

12

“As the LORD, your God, lives,” she answered, “I have nothing baked; there is only a handful of flour in my jar and a little oil in my jug. Just now I was collecting a couple of sticks, to go in and prepare something for myself and my son; when we have eaten it, we shall die.”

13

“Do not be afraid,” Elijah said to her. “Go and do as you propose. But first make me a little cake and bring it to me. Then you can prepare something for yourself and your son.

14

For the LORD, the God of Israel, says, ‘The jar of flour shall not go empty, nor the jug of oil run dry, until the day when the LORD sends rain upon the earth.'”

15

She left and did as Elijah had said. She was able to eat for a year, and he and her son as well;

16

The jar of flour did not go empty, nor the jug of oil run dry, as the LORD had foretold through Elijah.

17

Some time later the son of the mistress of the house fell sick, and his sickness grew more severe until he stopped breathing.

18

So she said to Elijah, “Why have you done this to me, O man of God? Have you come to me to call attention to my guilt and to kill my son?”

19

“Give me your son,” Elijah said to her. Taking him from her lap, he carried him to the upper room where he was staying, and laid him on his own bed.

20

He called out to the LORD: “O LORD, my God, will you afflict even the widow with whom I am staying by killing her son?”

21

Then he stretched himself out upon the child three times and called out to the LORD: “O LORD, my God, let the life breath return to the body of this child.”

22

The LORD heard the prayer of Elijah; the life breath returned to the child’s body and he revived.

23

Taking the child, Elijah brought him down into the house from the upper room and gave him to his mother. “See!” Elijah said to her, “your son is alive.”

24

“Now indeed I know that you you are a man of God,” the woman replied to Elijah. “The word of the LORD comes truly from your mouth.”

1 [1] Elijah the Tishbite: one of the most important figures in Old Testament history. As his name indicates (“Yahweh is my God”), Elijah was the successful leader in the struggle to preserve the knowledge and worship of Yahweh against the encroaching worship of Baal introduced into Israel by Jezebel, the Tyrian wife of Ahab. The Elijah cycle of narratives includes, besides the above struggle, miracle stories, denunciations of kings, and a preparation for the prophet’s role as eschatological forerunner of the “great day of the Lord”; cf ⇒ Malachi 3:18(23-24); ⇒ Matthew 17:10-13; ⇒ Luke 1:17.

1 Kings

 

1 Kings – Chapter 11

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 11  1 1 King Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh (Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites), 2 from nations with which the LORD had forbidden the Israelites to intermarry, “because,” he said, “they will turn your hearts to their gods.” But Solomon fell in… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 11

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1 Kings – Chapter 10

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 10 1 1 The queen of Sheba, having heard of Solomon’s fame, came to test him with subtle questions. 2 She arrived in Jerusalem with a very numerous retinue, and with camels bearing spices, a large amount of gold, and precious stones. She came to Solomon and questioned… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 10

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1 Kings – Chapter 8

Woman praying in the church

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 8 1 At the order of Solomon, the elders of Israel and all the leaders of the tribes, the princes in the ancestral houses of the Israelites, came to King Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the LORD’S covenant from the city of David… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 8

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1 Kings – Chapter 3

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 3 1 With the royal power firmly in his grasp, Solomon allied himself by marriage with Pharaoh, king of Egypt. The daughter of Pharaoh, whom he married, he brought to the City of David, until he should finish building his palace, and the temple of the LORD,… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 3

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1 Kings – Chapter 2

The Bible – Old Testament  1 Kings Chapter 2 1 1 When the time of David’s death drew near, he gave these instructions to his son Solomon: 2 “I am going the way of all mankind. Take courage and be a man. 3 Keep the mandate of the LORD, your God, following his ways and observing… Continue reading 1 Kings – Chapter 2

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