The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms 

Index

Int. 1. 2.111. 112. 113.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 112

1

1 Hallelujah! 2 Happy are those who fear the LORD, who greatly delight in God’s commands.

2

Their descendants shall be mighty in the land, generation upright and blessed.

3

3 Wealth and riches shall be in their homes; their prosperity shall endure forever.

4

They shine through the darkness, a light for the upright; they are gracious, merciful, and just.

5

All goes well for those gracious in lending, who conduct their affairs with justice.

6

They shall never be shaken; the just shall be remembered forever.

7

They shall not fear an ill report; their hearts are steadfast, trusting the LORD.

8

Their hearts are tranquil, without fear, till at last they look down on their foes.

9

4 Lavishly they give to the poor; their prosperity shall endure forever; their horn shall be exalted in honor.

10

The wicked shall be angry to see this; they will gnash their teeth and waste away; the desires of the wicked come to nothing.

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1 [Psalm 112] An acrostic poem detailing the blessings received by those who remain close to God by obedience to the commandments. Among their blessings are children (⇒ Psalm 112:2), wealth that enables them to be magnanimous (⇒ Psalm 112:3, 5, 9), and virtue by which they encourage others (⇒ Psalm 112:4). The just person is an affront to the wicked, whose hopes remain unfulfilled (⇒ Psalm 112:10). The logic resembles Psalms 1; 111.
2 [1] Happy are those: literally, “Happy the person.” “Person” is used typically, hence the plural translation.
3 [3] Prosperity: literally, “justice.” In the Second Temple Period the word acquired the nuance of liberality and almsgiving. Cf ⇒ Sirach 3:30; ⇒ 7:10; ⇒ Matthew 6:1-4.
4 [9] Their horn: the symbol for vitality and honor.

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Index

Int. 1. 2.111. 112. 113.149. 150.

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The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms

Index

Int. 1. 2.111. 112. 113.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 112

1

1 Hallelujah! 2 Happy are those who fear the LORD, who greatly delight in God’s commands.

2

Their descendants shall be mighty in the land, generation upright and blessed.

3

3 Wealth and riches shall be in their homes; their prosperity shall endure forever.

4

They shine through the darkness, a light for the upright; they are gracious, merciful, and just.

5

All goes well for those gracious in lending, who conduct their affairs with justice.

6

They shall never be shaken; the just shall be remembered forever.

7

They shall not fear an ill report; their hearts are steadfast, trusting the LORD.

8

Their hearts are tranquil, without fear, till at last they look down on their foes.

9

4 Lavishly they give to the poor; their prosperity shall endure forever; their horn shall be exalted in honor.

10

The wicked shall be angry to see this; they will gnash their teeth and waste away; the desires of the wicked come to nothing.

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1 [Psalm 112] An acrostic poem detailing the blessings received by those who remain close to God by obedience to the commandments. Among their blessings are children (⇒ Psalm 112:2), wealth that enables them to be magnanimous (⇒ Psalm 112:3, 5, 9), and virtue by which they encourage others (⇒ Psalm 112:4). The just person is an affront to the wicked, whose hopes remain unfulfilled (⇒ Psalm 112:10). The logic resembles Psalms 1; 111.
2 [1] Happy are those: literally, “Happy the person.” “Person” is used typically, hence the plural translation.
3 [3] Prosperity: literally, “justice.” In the Second Temple Period the word acquired the nuance of liberality and almsgiving. Cf ⇒ Sirach 3:30; ⇒ 7:10; ⇒ Matthew 6:1-4.
4 [9] Their horn: the symbol for vitality and honor.

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Index

Int. 1. 2.111. 112. 113.149. 150.

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The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms

Index

Int. 1. 2. 3.96. 97. 98.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 97

1

1 The LORD is king; let the earth rejoice; let the many islands be glad.

2

Cloud and darkness surround the Lord; justice and right are the foundation of his throne.

3

Fire goes before him; everywhere it consumes the foes.

4

Lightning illumines the world; the earth sees and trembles.

5

The mountains melt like wax before the LORD, before the Lord of all the earth.

6

The heavens proclaim God’s justice; all peoples see his glory.

7

2 All who serve idols are put to shame, who glory in worthless things; all gods bow down before you.

8

Zion hears and is glad, and the cities of Judah rejoice because of your judgments, O LORD.

9

You, LORD, are the Most High over all the earth, exalted far above all gods.

10

The LORD loves those who hate evil, protects the lives of the faithful, rescues them from the hand of the wicked.

11

Light dawns for the just; gladness, for the honest of heart.

12

Rejoice in the LORD, you just, and praise his holy name.

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1 [Psalm 97] The hymn begins with God appearing in a storm, a traditional picture of some ancient Near Eastern gods (⇒ Psalm 97:1-6); cf ⇒ Psalm 18:8-16; ⇒ Micah 1:3-4; ⇒ Hebrews 3:3-15. Israel rejoices in the overthrowing of idol worshipers and their gods (⇒ Psalm 97:7-9) and the rewarding of the faithful righteous (⇒ Psalm 97:10-12).
2 [7] All gods: divine beings thoroughly subordinate to Israel’s God. The Greek translates “angels,” an interpretation adopted by ⇒ Hebrews 1

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Index

Int. 1. 2. 3.96. 97. 98.149. 150.

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The Bible – Old Testament

Psalms

Index

Int. 1. 2.109. 110. 111.149. 150.

Psalms

Chapter 110

1

1 A psalm of David. 2 The LORD says to you, my lord: “Take your throne at my righthand, while I make your enemies your footstool.”

2

The scepter of your sovereign might the LORD will extend from Zion. The LORD says: “Rule over your enemies!

3

3 Yours is princely power from the day of your birth. In holy splendor before the daystar, like the dew I begot you.”

4

4 The LORD has sworn and will not waver: “Like Melchizedek you are a priest forever.”

5

At your right hand is the Lord, who crushes kings on the day of wrath,

6

Who, robed in splendor, judges nations, crushes heads across the wide earth,

7

5 Who drinks from the brook by the wayside and thus holds high the head.

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1 [Psalm 110] A royal psalm in which a court singer recites three oracles in which God assures the king that his enemies are conquered (⇒ Psalm 110:1-2), makes the king “son” in traditional adoption language (⇒ Psalm 110:3), gives priestly status to the king and promises to be with him in future military ventures (⇒ Psalm 110:4-7).
2 [1] The LORD says to you, my lord: literally, “The LORD says to my lord,” a polite form of address of an inferior to a superior. Cf ⇒ 1 Sam 25:25; ⇒ 2 Sam 1:10. The court singer refers to the king. Jesus in the synoptic gospels (⇒ Matthew 22:41-46 and parallels) takes the psalmist to be David and hence “my lord” refers to the messiah, who must be someone greater than David. Your footstool: in ancient times victorious kings put their feet on the prostrate bodies of their enemies.
3 [3] Like the dew I begot you: an adoption formula as in ⇒ Psalm 2:7; ⇒ 89:27-28. Before the daystar: possibly an expression for before the world began (⇒ Proverb 8:22).
4 [4] Like Melchizedek: Melchizedek was the ancient king of Salem (Jerusalem) who blessed Abraham (⇒ Genesis 14:18-20); like other kings of the time he performed priestly functions. Hebrews 7 sees in Melchizedek a type of Christ.
5 [7] Who drinks from the brook by the wayside: the meaning is uncertain. Some see an allusion to a rite of royal consecration at the Gihon spring (cf ⇒ 1 Kings 1:33, ⇒ 38). Others find here an image of the divine warrior (or king) pursuing enemies so relentlessly that he does not stop long enough to eat and drink.

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Index

Int. 1. 2.109. 110. 111.149. 150.

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Psalms – Chapter 1

The Bible – Old Testament Psalms Index Int. 1. 2. 3. … 148. 149. 150. Chapter 1 1 1 2 Happy those who do not follow the counsel of the wicked, Nor go the way of sinners, nor sit in company with scoffers. 2 3 Rather, the law of the LORD is their joy; God’s law they study day and night. 3 They are like a tree planted near streams of water, that yields its fruit in season; Its leaves never wither; whatever they do prospers. 4 4 But not the wicked! They… Continue reading Psalms – Chapter 1

The Bible – Old Testament

Habakkuk  

Habakkuk

Chapter 1

1

The oracle which Habakkuk the prophet received in vision.

2

1 How long, O LORD? I cry for help but you do not listen! I cry out to you, “Violence!” but you do not intervene.

3

Why do you let me see ruin; why must I look at misery? Destruction and violence are before me; there is strife, and clamorous discord.

4

This is why the law is benumbed, and judgment is never rendered: Because the wicked circumvent the just; this is why judgment comes forth perverted.

5

2 Look over the nations and see, and be utterly amazed! For a work is being done in your days that you would not have believed, were it told.

6

For see, I am raising up Chaldea, that bitter and unruly people, That marches the breadth of the land to take dwellings not his own.

7

Terrible and dreadful is he, from himself derive his law and his majesty.

8

3 Swifter than leopards are his horses, and keener than wolves at evening. His horses prance, his horsemen come from afar: They fly like the eagle hastening to devour;

9

each comes for the rapine, Their combined onset is that of a stormwind that heaps up captives like sand.

10

He scoffs at kings, and princes are his laughingstock; He laughs at any fortress, heaps up a ramp, and conquers it.

11

4 Then he veers like the wind and is gone –  this culprit who makes his own strength his god!

12

5 Are you not from eternity, O LORD, my holy God, immortal? O LORD you have marked him for judgment, O Rock 6 , you have readied him for punishment!

13

Too pure are your eyes to look upon evil, and the sight of misery you cannot endure. Why, then, do you gaze on the faithless in silence while the wicked man devours one more just than himself?

14

You have made man like the fish of the sea, like creeping things without a ruler.

15

7 He brings them all up with his hook, he hauls them away with his net, He gathers them in his seine; and so he rejoices and exults.

16

8 Therefore he sacrifices to his net, and burns incense to his seine; For thanks to them his portion is generous, and his repast sumptuous.

17

Shall he, then, keep on brandishing his sword to slay peoples without mercy?

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1 [2-4] Traditionally, these verses have been taken as the prophet’s complaint against the internal evils of Judah; the language used is that employed by Amos, Isaiah, and Jeremiah to condemn the social abuses of their day. In ⇒ Habakkuk 1:5-7 the Lord answers this complaint by indicating the Chaldean empire as his instrument for punishing his people for these sins.
2 [5] Look over the nations and see: after Nebuchadnezzar’s defeat of Egypt in 605 B.C., there could be little doubt that it was the Chaldean ambition to dominate the entire Near East.
3 [8] Wolves at evening: the wolf is apparently thought of as more rabid and vicious in the evening when setting out for prey (⇒ Jeremiah 5:6; ⇒ Zephaniah 3:3).
4 [11] Veers like the wind: the conquests of the ancient Near East were mainly raiding expeditions to collect tribute. As far as administration of conquered territories was concerned, both the Assyrians and Chaldeans were usually content to install friendly rulers and then depart. This culprit: though the Chaldeans were used by God as the agents of his punishment, this did not diminish their own guilt as ruthless marauders.
5 [⇒ 1:12-⇒ 2:1] It is generally thought that this complaint is directed against the Chaldeans and their terrible destruction. But it may well be a continuation of ⇒ 1:2-4 against the wicked Judahites who have merited God’s punishment.
6 [12] O Rock: an ancient title celebrating the Lord’s power; cf ⇒ Psalm 18:32.
7 [15] The he of this and the following verses, to whom is attributed such extensive evil and the destruction of many peoples, may be the wicked of Judah embodied in King Jehoiakim, ally of the powerful Pharaoh Neco of Egypt; the devastation wrought by Jehoiakim and Neco together is condemned.
8 [16] He sacrifices to his net: in ⇒ Habakkuk 1:15 the wicked ruler in question is represented as catching men in a net. This verse alludes to some rite involving the sacrificial veneration of the weapons of war.

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Index

Int. 1. 2. 3.

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